The Simla Agreement Of 1972 Was Signed Between
The agreement was agreed upon and signed after the 1971 Indo-Pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, leading to the formation of Bangladesh. Shimla Agreement, India-Pakistan Peace Treaty The Simla Agreement, or Shimla Agreement, was signed between India and Pakistan on July 3, 1972 in Shimla, the capital of The Himachal Pradesh Indian State.  This led to the war of liberation of Bangladesh in 1971, which led to the independence of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan and part of the territory of Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, which turned the war into an Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.  New Delhi: 46 years have passed since India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement to peacefully resolve all disputes and problems between the two countries. The pact was aimed at reversing the consequences of the 1971 war. The immediate outcome of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, leader of the majority party of West Pakistan, took power on 20 December 1971. The 1971 war led to the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost nearly 54% of its population, and 93,000 of its soldiers and civilians were in possession of India.
That is why the first challenges of the new government should resolve the ausdematon state of emergency and the problem of prisoners of war as quickly as possible. After the war, India and Pakistan were in direct contact through diplomatic channels, and both recognized the need to begin negotiations. From 12 January 1972 to 30 April 1972, the two countries were willing to engage in dialogue through press releases and discussions began. Finally, it was agreed that talks between Pakistani President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indra Gandhi would begin on 28 June 1972. The shimla agreement or the shimla agreement is an important element of Pakistani indopa relations. This is an important step in bilateral relations between the two neighbouring countries. It reports to the international relations section of upSC Hands GS 3 Syllabus . (i) that the principles and objectives of the UN Charter govern relations between the two countries.
 Six months after the liberation of Bangladesh, then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and former Pakistani President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto met on 2 July 1972 in Shimla to sign an agreement that provides a framework for a mutual settlement of their differences. The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. The Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan also agreed that relations between the two countries would be governed by the principles set out in the United Nations Charter and that they would resolve their differences through peaceful and bilateral means.